Between Conflict and Participation: A Double Learning Process in a Mini-Public and in a Protest Movement

By Laura Seguin

This article analyzes paradoxical relationships between conflict and participation through the notion of learning process. It shows that apparently opposed experiences such as citizens’ conferences and social movements lead actors who take part to comparable—if not similar—political learning. They learn both to identify antagonisms (conflict learning) and to construct collective agreements (participation or deliberation learning). The analysis involves a global reflection on the possibility of identify agonistic practices of deliberative democracy.


  • deliberative democracy
  • collective mobilization
  • learning process
  • water policy
  • shale gas
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