This text presents a study of the readings by Rancière and Castoriadis of Athenian democracy. Its main objective is to research their possible contributions to a contemporary philosophy of sortition in politics. Two approaches are used in our analysis. First, a brief historical contextualization of the work of both authors will be carried out, along with a reflection on the traits of the philosophical analyses of Athenian democracy. Secondly, the analysis presented by both authors about democratic assemblies will be defined according to three lines of enquiry: the knowledge required for access, ways of encouraging participation, and, finally, the nature of moral filters safeguarding and guaranteeing democratic practices.
- ancient democracy